In 1818, the armies of Kharak Singh and Misr Diwan Chand lay around Multan without making much initial headway, until Ranjit Singh dispatched the massive Zamzama cannon, which quickly led to disintegration of the Multan's defences.The two British visitors were in Multan to attend a ceremony for Sardar Kahan Singh, who had been selected by the British East India Company to replace the son of Diwan Mulraj Chopra as ruler of Multan.The Qarmatians had been expelled from Egypt and Iraq following their defeat at the hands of the Abbasids there.
The nearest major cities are Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur.
and is the premier cultural and economic centre of southern Punjab. The ancient city was site of the renowned Multan Sun Temple, and was besieged by Alexander the Great during the Mallian Campaign.
and attracted a multitude of Sufi mystics in the 11th and 12th centuries, earning the city the nickname City of Saints.
Multan is located in a bend created by five rivers of central Pakistan.
The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh.