”Opposition Senator Robert Montague said that the legislation gives the minister too much power to determine who is allowed to cultivate and use cannabis.
According to , he said: “The minister is setting up himself to be the pope of rastas, not the hope.”The passing of the amended Dangerous Drugs Act will not impact negatively on any international treaty that Jamaica has signed, said foreign business minister Arnold Nicholson, who also has responsibility as foreign affairs minister.
When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F Whether the drug and non-drug, cultivated and wild types of Cannabis constitute a single, highly variable species, or the genus is polytypic with more than one species, has been a subject of debate for well over two centuries. Finally, the tertiary psychoactive effects of the drug cannabis, can include an increase in heart rate and hunger, believed to be caused by 11-OH-THC, a psychoactive metabolite of THC produced in the liver.
This is a contentious issue because there is no universally accepted definition of a species. Normal cognition is restored after approximately three hours for larger doses via a smoking pipe, bong or vaporizer.
Sometimes the vein will actually pass tangent to the notch, but often it will pass by at a small distance, and when that happens a spur vein (occasionally a pair of such spur veins) branches off and joins the leaf margin at the deepest point of the notch. In 2004, Hillig and Mahlberg published a chemotaxonomic analysis of cannabinoid variation in their Cannabis germplasm collection. The scientific debate regarding taxonomy has had little effect on the terminology in widespread use among cultivators and users of drug-type Cannabis.
The number of species within the genus is disputed.
One widely applied criterion for species recognition is that species are "groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations which are reproductively isolated from other such groups." It remains controversial whether sufficient morphological and genetic divergence occurs within the genus as a result of geographical or ecological isolation to justify recognition of more than one species. However, if a large amount is taken orally the effects may last much longer.
Cannabis sativa appears naturally in many tropical and humid parts of the world. After 24 hours to a few days, minuscule psychoactive effects may be felt, depending on dosage, frequency and tolerance to the drug.
The leaves have a peculiar and diagnostic venation pattern that enables persons poorly familiar with the plant to distinguish a cannabis leaf from unrelated species that have confusingly similar leaves (see illustration). Within these two subspecies, Small and Cronquist described C. This taxonomic interpretation was embraced by Cannabis aficionados who commonly distinguish narrow-leafed "sativa" strains from wide-leafed "indica" strains.
As is common in serrated leaves, each serration has a central vein extending to its tip. The authors hypothesized that the two subspecies diverged primarily as a result of human selection; C. sativa was presumably selected for traits that enhance fiber or seed production, whereas C. Molecular analytical techniques developed in the late 20th century are being applied to questions of taxonomic classification. de Meijer and coworkers described some of their RAPD studies as showing an "extremely high" degree of genetic polymorphism between and within populations, suggesting a high degree of potential variation for selection, even in heavily selected hemp cultivars. In his doctoral dissertation published the same year, Hillig stated that principal components analysis of phenotypic (morphological) traits failed to differentiate the putative species, but that canonical variates analysis resulted in a high degree of discrimination of the putative species and infraspecific taxa.