It is the principal city of the Grand Junction Metropolitan Statistical Area which had a population of 146,723 in 2010 census.The city is located along the Colorado River, at its confluence with the Gunnison River which comes in from the south.In September 1881 the former Ute Indian Territory was abolished and the Utes removed to a reservation so that the U. near Palisade, Colorado, causing the area to become known as the Colorado Wine Country.According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.6 square miles (100.0 km The downtown area displays a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), almost grading into an arid type.Most of the area is surrounded by federal public lands managed by the US Bureau of Land Management.The Book Cliffs are a prominent series of cliffs that define the northern side of the Grand Valley.Historically the valley was long occupied by the Ute people and by earlier indigenous cultures.
This is illustrated by the fact that from December to February, highs reach 50 °F (10 °C) only 18 days.
Two prominent trails are the Tabeguache and Kokopelli trails, the latter running from near Loma to Moab, Utah.
Fruita, Colorado, with its 18-Road trail system, is within 10 miles of the city and has become a major mountain biking destination. Clinton County, Pennsylvania-born George Addison Crawford (1827-91) soon purchased a plot of land, and on July 22, 1882 incorporated the town of Grand Junction, Colorado, and planted the first vineyard in Colo.
Grand Junction sits in a large area of high desert lands in Western Colorado.
Winters are cold and dry, with a January mean temperature of 27.4 °F (−2.6 °C).